Lumbini Garden


Nepal occupies a unique position in Buddhism,s history of being the birthplace of its founder. Lord Buddha was born in a Lumbini grove about 15 miles from his father’s state of Kapilvastu. In the early centuries, Buddhism of Nepal most likely developed along the lines of North India. It was when Muslim invaded Bihar and Bengal in the late twelfth century that many Buddhist monks and scholars took refuge in Nepal, Bringing with them al large part of Buddhism became one of the main religions among the people of Nepal.

Lumbini, the holy birthplace of Lord Buddha and the fountain of world peace, It is believed that Mayadevi -the spouse of Shakya King Suddhodhan-gave birth to Siddharta, who would later become Lord Buddha, near Pushkarini pound in the middle of sal forest on the day of Baisakh Poornima {Full Moon day} in 623 BC. Buddhist literature mentions that the newly born Siddhartha took seven steps and uttered epoch-making message to the suffering humanity immediately after his birth. Lumbini is a UNESCO World Heritage site and a popular pilgrimage for Buddhists all over the world. According to the Lumbini Master Plan designed by Japanese Professor Kenzo Tange, the are is divided into three areas-sacred Garen, Monastic Zone and Lumbini Village – sprawled over q square mile each.

The Sacred Garden in the southern part of Lumbini has created an atmosphere of peace, spirituality, Universal brotherhood and nonviolence consistent with the time and Buddha’s message to the world. There are many important monuments in the sacred zone like Mayadevi Temple, Marker stone, Ashika Pillar, Puskharini Pound.
Mayadevi Temple is the most important monument in the Sacred Garden. The temple houses the idol of Maya Devi giving birth to Lord Buddha. The artifact inside the temple sates back from 3rd to 7th century BC. The Marker stone, which marks the exact birthplace of Lord Buddha, It another important monument in the Sacred Garden. It was excavated in 1996.
The Ashoka pillar erected in the western part of Mayadevi proves that Lord Buddha was born in Lumbini The pillar was erected by Indian ruler Ashoka in 249 BC. It is believed that Emperor Ashoka, who killed many people as part of his territory expansion, gave up violence and adopted Buddjos, after visiting Lumbini. It is regarded as the most authentic monument that proves Lord Buddha was Born in Lumbini.
The Pushkarini Pond lies in the south of Ashik pillar. It is believed that Mayadevi bathed in the pond before giving birth to Lord Buddha and gave the newborn Buddha the first Purification bath in this holy pond.

Monastic Zone is the special area in the Lumbini region which has been allocated for building monasteries, as per the master plan. The East Monastic Zone is dedicated for the construction of monasteries for the followers of Theravada Buddhism and the West Monastic zone is the Thai monastery. The monastery is built by the Thailand government and the construction started in 1997. The monastery is sprawled over five acres. The grand monastic wall and some buildings reflect typical Thai architecture. Next to the Thai monastery lies the Theravadin monastery built by Mahabodhi society of India. The monastery is sprawled over 1.5 acres and the construction started in 1996.
next to the Theravadin temple of Mahabodhi society of India is the plot reserved for construction of another Theravadin temple by Bengal Buddhist Association. The magnificent replica if Budrmes Shwedagon pagoda lies nest o the lot. The monastery is sprawled over five acres and the construction began in 1993. There is also a Nepali monastery built by sprawled over 1.5 acres. There is also a Sri Lanka monastery in the east monastery one. The monastery is built by the Sri Lanka Government and the construction began in 1998. There is also a Vipassana meditation center on the monastery premises.
Fifteen plots have been allocated for construction of MKahaayan monasteries in the west monastic zone. Many of the monasteries have already been built. Chinese monastery is perhaps the most majestic monastery in the west majestic monastery in the west majestic zone. The monastery, which was built in 1998, is sprawled over 6.25 acres. The monastery reflects typical Chinese architectural style. Another beautiful monastery in the west zone is Vietnam. the monastery complex, which is spread over 6.25 acres, houses a pagoda which is 25meters tall. The Korean monastery lies right in front of the Chinese monastery. Other monasteries in the Western Zone are Manage Sewa Samaj {Nepal} great Drigung Kagyu Louts Stupa built by the German Terra Foundation Loson Monastery (France), Tokyo Temple Japan, Geden International (Austria), Dharmodhaya Sabha (Nepal) and Cambodian Monastery (Cambodia).

Swoyambhunath: Situated on a hill three kilometers west of Kathmandu, Swouambhunath is believed to be two thousand years old. In due course of time. it has developed into a splendid Chitya that comprises a spherical dome, a cubical steeple with all-seeing eyes of Lord Buddha, aspire if 13 discs and a metal pinnacle.

Situated in the ancient town of Buddha, six Kilometers northwest of Kathmandu, Boudhanath Stupa, the biggest Stupa in the Country, is one of the most celebrated places of pilgrimage. The stupa represents the mind of the Buddha. It is believed to have been constructed in the fifth century by king Mahadeva. today, Buddha has become a thriving center for Dharma (religious duty) practice. Most of the monasteries in the visitors. to get an insight into the Buddhist monastic life, it is worth visiting some of the monasteries in Bouddha.

The temple of Mahabouddha in Patan is a masterpiece of terracotta. Built as Shikhars (South Indian architectural feature) each brick of the temple possesses a Buddha image totaling 9000 in number. The temple was built by Patan priest Abhaya Raj.

Namobuddha, which lies between Banepa and panauti, southeast of Kathmandu, is a famous Buddhist pilgrimage site as well as a favorite stopover for trekkers. It is three-hour trekking from Dhulikhel through a number of small villages. Rows of Buddhist stupas adorned with fluttering prayer flags are there to soothe both devotees and trekkers. There is an amazing story concerned with the Buddha, which is commemorated by an ancient atone-slab and a stupa with all-seeing eyes. The caved image on the slab portrays a popular legend that Lord Buddha in his previous incarnation allowed himself to be devoured by starving tigers to save her and her cubs from starving to death.

Detail Itinenary