TRAVELERS’ INFORMATION IN NEPAL

Nepal is one of the richest countries in the world in terms of biodiversity due to its unique geographical position and altitudinal variation. The elevation of the country ranges from 60 m above sea level to the highest point on earth, Mt Everest at 8,8848 m, all within a distance of 150 km resulting into climatic conditions from sub-tropical to Arctic.

Nepal occupying only 0.1 % of the total landmass of the earth is home to :

  • 2% of all the flowering plants in the world.
  • 8% of the world’s population of birds (more than 848 species)
  • 4% of mammals on earth.
  • 11 of the world’s 15 families of butterflies (more than 500 species)
  • 600 indigenous plant families
  • 319 species of exotic orchids.

Area: 147,18 sq.km/

Location: Situated between China in the north and India in the south, east, and west.

Capital : Kathmandu.

population: 28.58 million.

People: Nepal has more than 101 ethnic groups and 92 spoken languages.

Language: Nepali is the national language, travel-trade people understand and speak English as well.

Religion: Nepal is a secular state with a pre-dominance of Hindu and Buddhist population.

Currency: Nepali rupee.

Political System: federal Democratic Republic.

Climate: Nepal has four major seasons (1) Winter: December-February.(2) Spring: March-May, (3) Summer: June-August, (4) Autumn: September-November. Monsoons are from June till mid-September. Nepal can be visited the whole year round.

What to wear: Light clothing is recommended from May throuth October, Warm garments are required in October-March, an umbrella or a raincoat is a must for the rainy season.

TOURIST VISA

Visa FacilityDurationFee
Multiple entry15 DaysUSD 25 or equivalent convertible Currency
Multiple entry30 DaysUSD 40 or equivalent convertible Currency
Multiple entry90 DaysUSD 100 or equivalent convertible Currency

GRATIS (FREE) VISA

Gratis Visa for 30 days is available only for nationals of South Asian countries like Bangladesh, Bhutan, Maldives, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. however Indian nationals do not require visa to enter into Nepal.

However, natinals of the following countries will not gert visa on arrival at the immigration entry points of Nepal: Nigeria, Ghana, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Cameroon, Somalia, Liberia, Ethiopia, Iraq, Palestine, Afghanistan.

FOR INDIAN NATIONALS:

Indian National Traveling to Nepal must posses any one of the following documents-

1.Passport

2. Driving license with photo

3. photo Identity card issued by a Government Agency

4. Ration Card with Photo

5. Election Commission Card with Photo

6. Identity Card issued by Embassy of India in Kathmandu

7. Identity Card with Photo issued by Sub-Divisional Magistrate of any other officials above his rank.

ACCESS TO NEPAL

BY AIR: Nepal Airlines is the national flag carrier of Nepal with flights to/from Delhi, Kuala Lumpur, Dubai, Bangkok, Doha and Hong Kong. Other international airlines operationg from/ to Kathmanduare Air Arabia (Sharjah), Air China (Lhasa, Chengdu), Arke Fly(Amsterdam), China Eastern Airlines (Kunming), China southern Airlines (Guanzhou), China southern airlines (Guanzhou), Dragon Air (HongKong), Druk Air (Delhi, Paro), Etihad Airways (Abu Dhabi), Flydubai (Dubai), GMG Airlines (Dhaka), Gulf Air (Baharain), indian Airline (Delhi), Jet Airways (Delhi, Mumbai), Jet Lite (Delhi), Korean Air (Seoul), Pakistan Internastional Airlines (Karachi, Islamabad), Qatar Airways (Doha), Silk Air (Singapore), Thai Airways (Bangkok) and united Airways (Dhaka).

BY LAND: All visitors coming to Nepal by land must enter only through one of these entry points (1) Kakarbhitta (2) Birgunj (3) Belhiya, Bhairahawa (4) Nepalgunj (5) Dhangadi (6) Mahendranagar in the Nepal-India border and (7) Kodari in the Nepal-China border. The overland tourists entering the country with their vehicles must possess an international carnet or complete customs formalities.

Route Approx. Distance (border towns to major citizens) Nearest Railways Station India
Siliguri-Kakarbhitta-KTM 620 kms New Jaipur (NJP)
Jogbani-Biratnagar-KTM 550 kms Jogbani
Raxaul-Birgunj-KTM 280 kms Raxaul (RXL)
Sunauli-Bhairahawa-KTM 280 kms Gorakhpur (GKP)
Rupaidiya-Jamuna (Nepalgunj)-KTM 520 kms Rupaidiyav/ Nanpara
Gauriphanta-Mohana (Dhangadi)-KTM 630 kms Gauriphanta/ Paliya
Banbasa-Gaddachauki (Mahendranagar)-KTM 715 kms Banbasa/ Tanakpur 
Sunauli-Bhairahawa-Palpa-Pokhara 185 kms Gorakhpur (GKP)
Sunauli-Bhairahawa-Chitwan 145 kms Gorakhpur (GKP)
Sunauli-Bhairahawa-Lumbini 26 kms Gorakhpur (GKP)

FOREIGN EXCHANGE

Foreign currencies must be exchanged only through the banks or authorized foreign exchanged dealers. The receipts from such transaction are to be obtained and retained. Visitors can exchange money at the foreign exchange counter at the airport upon arrival also. Indian currency Rs.500/- and Rs.1,000/- notes are not allowed to be brought into Nepal, will not be exchanged and will not be accepted for transaction of any kind.

CUSTOMS FORMALITIES

All baggage must be declared and cleared through the customs on arrival at the entry. Personal effects are permitted free entry. A tourist may bring in dutiable goods, such as tobacco and liquors, within the prescribed quantity free of duty. Carrying narcotics arms and ammunition are strictly prohibited. Visitors can export souvenirs to their respective countries. The export of antiques, however, requires special permission from the Department of Archaeology, National Archive Building, Ram Shah Path, Kathmandu.

DOMESTIC AIRLINES

Nepal Airlines has an extensive network of air services to major parts of the country. Besides Nepal Airlines, other domestic airlines (there are more than 18 in operation) provide regular and charter services to popular domestic destinations. Many domestic airlines operate early morning, one-hour mountain flights round the year.

GETTING AROUND

Metered taxis are easily recognizable by the taxi sign and black number plates and can be hailed off the street. Micro-Buses and battery-run EV tempos cheaper than taxis are also available. No tip is expected. There are regular bus services within the three cities of the Kathmandu Valley operating from old bus terminal Ratna Park. Similarly, scheduled bus services for outside the valley operate from the Gongabu bus Terminal. It is also possible to hire mountain or motor bikes at nominal rates.

FACILITIES

Nepal has every category of accommodation facility, ranging from international standard star hotels and resorts to budget lodges. To ensure safety and quality service, it is advisable to use the services of Government registered hotels, lodges, travel agencies, licensed tour guides and hire only authorized trekking guides or porters.

WORLD HERITAGE SITES

There are four UNESCO World Heritage in Nepal. Two are in cultural category and two are in natural category. World Cultural Heritage Sites of Nepal are: Lumbini, the birthplace of Lord Buddha, and seven monuments of Kathmandu Valley within a radius of 20 km (together counted as one Heritage Site). The World Natural Heritage Sites are chitwan and Sagarmatha National Parks. Kathmandu Valley World Heritage Site comprises of three historical palaces-Kathmandu, Patan and Bhaktapur Durbar Squares; two Buddhists stupas- Swayambhunath and Bauddhanath; and two Hindu temples- Pashupatinath and ChanguNarayan. Nepal offers incomparable scope to connoisseurs of art in its paintings, sculpture, wood carving and architecture.

NEPAL’S UNIQUE TREASURES

Mt.Everest – Highest Peak on Earth

Kumari – The Living Goddess

Lumbini – Birthplace of Lord Buddha

 

OUTDOOR ATTRACTIONS & ACTIVITIES

Few destinations in the world can match Nepal in the variety of world-class experience – be it mountaineering, trekking, mountain biking, nature tours, culture tours, pilgrim tours, white-water rafting, canyoning (cascading), kayaking, canoeing, mountain flights, pony trekking, jungle safaris, bird watching, fishing/angling, paragliding, ultra-light aircraft ride, bungy jumping; we have it all. Special interest tours like orchid tours, culture trek, honey hunting, village tours, fossil hunting, meditation courses, Shamanism-Panimism tour, cave tour, snow leopard and blue sheep trek and other kinds of tours are carried out for selected groups throughout the year. 

TREKKING

Nepal is the ultimate destination for the trekking enthusiast – offering a myriad of possibilities from the short and easy to the demanding challenges of the snowy peaks. Easy, moderate or rigorous – there is something for every one. Nepal has aptly been called “A Trekkers’ Paradise” as her terrain – mountains, hills and the Terai – offer some of the most spectacular trekking routes in the world. The immense contrasts in altitudes and climates found here support an equally spectacular mix of lifestyles, vegetation and wildlife. Trekking in Nepal is as much a cultural experience as a Himalayan adventure. In the shadows and foothills of the icy pinnacles of the Himalayas, one passess picturesque charming villages inhabited by diverse ethniv groups. Trek vary from expeditions, high altitude treks to simple easy paced walks.

MOUNTAINEERING

With eight of the Highest peaks in the world, including Mt.Everest, it is hardly surprising that Nepal has been the stage for some of the most outstanding achievenments in the world of mountaineering. The dauntlees icy peaks have since decades challenged the bodies and spirits of the daring ones. 

RAFTING/KAYAKING/CANYONING

Few rafting rivers in the world can match the thundering course of the rivers of Nepal originating from the snow meltdown of the Himalayan terrain. The rivers gush through the twisted canyons, winding through calm valleys where small settlements are perched on the banks, taming out only as they spill out into the Indian plains to merge with the Ganges. A river-trip is one of the best ways to explore the typical cross-section of the country’s natural as well as the ethno-cultural heritage with massive doses of adrenaline buzz on our world-class white-water thrills. An extreme sport popular in Europe, canyoning is now available in Nepal. It involves abseiling, jumping, sliding, climbing along waterfalls and steep cliffs to deep pools, giving the canyonner the freedom to explore beautiful under-water landscape.

VILLAGE TOURS

Village tours allow visitors to experience a stay in a typical Nepali village. This gives visitors an opportunity to observe the rich Nepali cultural tradition from the closest quarter and intermingle with the locals. Besides, any expenses made at that level directly contribue to the welfare of the local community, hence  giving the visitor a sense of satisfaction. Village tours are conducted in Sirubari, Bridhhim, Ghalegaun, Illam and other places.

TREKKER’S INFORMATION MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (TIMS)

Where & how to obtain TIMS Card?

Tourists of all nationalities including Indians, who are interested to visit general trekking areas of Nepal, are reguired to receive TIMS Card through one of the following offices:

  • Kathmandu (NTB office and TAAN office and Government registered trekking companies)
  • Pokhare (NTB office and TAAN office and Government registered trekking companies)

Opening hours

  • TIMS counter at Government registered trekking companies will remain open 12 hours a day all the seven days a week round the year.
  • TIMS counter at TAAN/NTB offices will follow Government working hours/days.
  • To obtain a TIMS Card you need a copy of your passport-size photographs.

OTHER ACTIVITIES

For those who cannot withstand the rigorousness of mountain climbing there are mountain fights which fly around Mt. Everest and other summits providing a close-up view of the top of the world. For others, Pokhara, the lake city of Nepal provides endless opportunities for fishing, swimming, canoeing and boating along Phewa lake. Air sport options like paragliding and flying in ultra-light airplanes to see the spectacular views are also available in Pokhara.

JUNGLE SAFARI

Chitwan National Park, Bardia National Park, Shuklaphanta Wildlife Reserve and Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve offer exciting safari holidays. Jungle activities here include venturing into deep jungle on elephant back or four-wheel drive to view wild animals in their natural habitat, canoe rides along the jungle rivers, nature walks, bird watching and village tour excursions.

A RICH NATURAL HERITAGE

Thanks to Nepal’s extensive and effective parks and reserves system, the country has managed to preserve more endangered species of flora and fauna than any other area in Asia. Now, the protected areas in Nepal include ten national parks, three wildlife reserves, one hunting reserve and six conservation areas and eleven buffer zones convering an area of 34,186.62 sq. km that is 23.23% of the total area of the country.

UNESCO NATURAL WORLD HERITAGE SITES

  1. Chitwan National Park (932 sq. km)
  2. Sagarmatha National Park (1,148 sq. km)

OTHER NATIONAL PARKS

  1. Banke National Park (550 sq. km)
  2. Bardiya National Park (968 sq. km)
  3. Khaptad National Park (225 sq. km)
  4. Langtang National Park (1,710 sq. km)
  5. Makalu-Barun National Park (1,500 sq. km)
  6. Rara National Park (106 sq. km)
  7. Shey-Phoksundo National Park (3,555 sq. km)
  8. Shivapuri Nagarjun National Park (159 sq. km)

WILDLIFE RESERVES

  1. Koshi-Tappu Wildlife Reserve (175 sq. km)
  2. Parsa Wildlife Reserve (499 sq. km)
  3. Shuklaphanta Wildlife Reserve (305 sq. km)

CONSERVATION AREAS

  1. Annapurna Conservation Area (7,629 sq. km)
  2. Api Nampa Conservation Area (1,903 sq. km)
  3. Blackbuck Conservation Area (15.95 sq. km)
  4. Gaurishankar Conservation Area (2,179 sq. km)
  5. Kanchenjunga Conservation Area (2,035 sq. km)
  6. Manaslu Conservation Area (1,663 sq. km)

HUNTING RESERVE

  1. Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve (1,325 sq. km)

POPULAR DESTINATIONS

  • Kathmandu is popular for its UNESCO World Heritage Sites, historical monuments, festivals and cultural splendors.
  • Pokhara is famous for its close-up mountain views pristine nature, sparkling lakes, limestone caves, deep gorges and waterfalls.
  • Chitwan is popular for jungle safari and Terai-life experiences.